Posts Tagged ‘Crowds’
Topic: Crowd Control in Low-Intensity Conflict
A crucial element in counterinsurgency is creating civil order. But crowds, especially in massed urban environments of the future, can become easily inflamed and trigger riots–harming that order and forcing the police/occupying authority to risk the use of lethal force. There is, however, a growing literature on crowds and mass power. This is a short reading list designed to give an overview of crowd behavior, crowd psychology, and riot control.
- Elias Cannetti, Crowds and Power.
- Gustave Le Bon, The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind.
- Charles Mackay, Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds.
- Howard Rheingold, Smart Mobs.
- Antonio Negri, The Multitude: War and Peace in the Age of Empire.
- Department of the Army, FM 3-11.11, “Flame, Riot Control, and Herbicide Operations.”
- David Riesman, The Lonely Crowd.
- Steven Henry Strogatz, Sync: The Science of Spontaneous Order.
- James Surowiecki, The Wisdom of Crowds
- Garrett Hardin, “The Tragedy of the Commons”, Science, Vol. 162, No. 3859 (December 13, 1968), pp. 1243-1248.
- Nick Lewer, “Non-Lethal Weapons, Operational and Policy Development,” The Lancet, 362: S20, December 2003.